Green design and manufacturing (2)

one. Why emphasize "green" issues

With the process of China's accession to the WTO, apart from the competition in terms of product quality and cost, it is even more severe for the industry to break through the green barriers. In China’s manufacturing industry, the issues of green design, green manufacturing, and end-of-life disposal have not yet received sufficient attention from companies. Many companies still take the extensive old path (ie, high investment, high consumption, and high pollution). Only pay attention to the quality, cost, and benefit of the product, while ignoring the pollution (ie, environmental costs) caused by processing, use, and disposal of the product to the environment. In recent years, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) has proposed the 140000 series of standards for environmental management and promoted the development of green manufacturing research. The powerful green wave of green manufacturing research is rising all over the world. Therefore, all aspects of design and manufacturing in our manufacturing industry should keep pace, make rational use of resources and energy, clean up production, reduce environmental pollution, and take the path of sustainable development. . To strengthen environmental protection, save the earth, improve the living environment of mankind, and realize the sustainable development of mankind have become the common voice of people all over the world. Today, new concepts, new theories, and new methods such as "green design," "green manufacturing," and "clean production," continue to emerge.

According to statistics, more than 70% of the emissions that cause environmental pollution come from the manufacturing industry. They produce about 5.5 billion tons of harmless waste and 700 million tons of hazardous waste each year. In the past, more emphasis was put on the protection of the environment with regard to the “end-of-pipe management” of pollutants, while ignoring the control and prevention of the entire process of pollutants. To completely solve the problem of environmental pollution, we must start from the source. Specific to the manufacturing industry, it is necessary to consider the impact of the entire life cycle of the product on the environment, maximize the use of raw materials and energy, reduce the emission of hazardous waste, and reduce the pollution to the environment. With the growing environmental problems, the idea of ​​green product design has also been increasingly valued.

It is also necessary to realize the goal of “green” from the heights of “a strong province with a strong people, a strong province, and a strong city with a strong people”. Improve the quality of people's living environment when they have excellent water resources and high quality air. To create an environment that can ensure the healthy development of contemporary and future generations of sons and grandchildren should also be an important indicator of whether “provinces” and “cities” are strong.

two. What is green design and manufacturing

Green design and manufacturing is a new concept proposed in recent years. Its profound connotation is still at the exploratory research stage. Combining the viewpoints of existing literature and the studies made by scholars, Green Manufacturing is defined as: Green Manufacturing is a modern manufacturing model that comprehensively considers environmental impact and resource efficiency, and its goal is to make products from design, manufacture, packaging, transportation and use. Throughout the entire product life cycle of end-of-life disposal, the negative impact on the environment is minimal, the efficiency of resources is highest, and the economic and social benefits of the company are coordinated and optimized. From the perspective of the product life cycle, the principle of concurrent engineering is used in product concept design to fully consider the rational use of resources and energy in each cycle of the product life cycle under the basic performance conditions of product function, quality and cost. , environmental protection and labor protection and other issues. To sum up, green product design is a developing system design method that integrates object-oriented technology, concurrent engineering, and life cycle design. It is a design system that integrates product quality, function, life, and environment.

Green design is a "sustainable production" design and is a design method for achieving clean production and producing green products. In recent years, around the issue of ecological environment, people have put forward the “sustainable development strategy” of “development that satisfies the needs of the contemporary people and does not constitute a harm to the ability of future generations to meet their needs”. The idea of ​​sustainable development strategy has extremely rich connotations. It combines ecological environment and economic development into an organic whole which is a cause and effect of each other. We believe that economic development must take into account the long-term carrying capacity of the natural ecological environment, so that the environment and resources can satisfy both. The need for economic development also makes it one of the elements of human survival and directly meets the long-term survival needs of mankind, thus forming a comprehensive development strategy.
Green design and manufacturing are still in their infancy in China, and there are fewer papers and reports in this area. The structural system of green design and manufacturing is still improving.

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